Cloning a PATA or SATA Hard Disk
Windows Backup (Microsoft Backup)
The Windows Backup ( Microsoft Backup) utility helps you create a copy of theinformation on your hard disk. In the event that the original data on yourhard disk is accidentally erased or overwritten, or becomes inaccessiblebecause of a hard disk malfunction, you can use the copy to restore your lostor damaged data. The Windows Backup utility helps you protect data fromaccidental loss.For example, you can use Windows Backup to create a duplicate copy of the dataon your hard disk and then archive the data on another storage device. Thebackup storage medium can be a logical drive such as your hard drive, or aseparate storage device such as a removable disk, or an entire library ofdisks or tapes organized into a media pool. Using Windows Backup (MicrosoftBackup), you can: * Archive selected files and folders on your hard disk. * Restore the archived files and folders to your hard disk or any other disk you can access. * Make a copy of your computer’s System State, which includes the system files, the registry, and other system components. * Make a copy of your computer’s system partition, boot partition, and the files needed to start up your system in case of computer or network failure.
Backup files using Xcopy in command line
by SriniThere are lots of commercial data back up solutions available in the market.If you are a home user or a small business user of Windows OS and want tobackup all your important data then this article shows you a simpleincremental backup solution with no additional cost. If you can’t afford tobuy a commercial backup application don’t worry! You can still backup yourdata using Windows xcopy command.
Windows incremental backup
If you already understand what incremental backup is and it’s advantages, youcan skip this and move on to next section that explains the syntax.You can use a USB drive or an external hard disk as the backup location.Copying files to another partition on the same is okay but it may not servethe purpose as a disk crash will cause data loss on all the partitions of thatdisk. Let’s say your data is in the folder D:Data and you need to backup yourdata to Z:Backup folder (Z: is mapped to some external disk storage device).We can just copy data from D:Data to Z:Backup directly using any copycommand or tool but it will involve copying the files even though they are notmodified from the time they were copied previously. I will explain this indetail. Let’s say you take data back up every week. The first time you back upthe data you need to copy all the files in your disk to the backup location.In the second week, you need to copy only the files that have been changedduring the last 7 days. You do not need to copy the files that have not beentouched since the time you took the last back up. This will save time and alsodecreases CPU usage and will also lead to increased lifetime for the storagedevices. So a backup utility should be able to detect which files are modifiedand which are not. This is called incremental back up.
Using Xcopy command for incremental backup on Windows
Now let’s see how we can do this using Windows Xcopy command. Xcopy hasdifferent switches using which control what files to be copied. We will usethese switches to make Xcopy work as a backup utility.You can run the below command to back up data. xcopy source destination /M /E /G /H /YThis one uses archive attributes of files to distinguish the files that havenot been changed since the time last back up was taken. /M switch turns offthe archive attribute on the files after copying the file to the destination.This attribute will be set only if someone modifies the files after wards. Forthe above example the command is given below. Xcopy D:Data Z:Backup /M /E /G /H /Y
Best Choice for Incremental File Backups: Time Machine
Many people don’t back up their computers because it can be difficult and alittle technical to set up, and in the busyness of life, people just don’t getaround to doing it. Apple’s Time Machine was designed to change all of that.It’s built into the operating system, easy to set up, and works in thebackground 24-7, so you don’t have to remember to do it.Time Machine was originally designed to work with Apple’s Time Capsulehardware, which, along with their Airport routers is being discontinued. Butthe Time Machine software will continue to be supported and works with otherhard drives. It should remain an excellent backup option for years to come.Time Machine is included free with macOS> “Time Machine backs up all of your files to an external storage device so> that you can restore them later or see how they looked in the past.”Time Machine backs up your files and folders to a hard drive connected to yourcomputer or on your network. It’s convenient, uses a local hard drive, andconstantly backs up your files as they change or are created, so you’ll losevery little (probably nothing) when disaster hits. And importantly, restoringindividual files and folders is easy.Here’s how Apple Support describes the app:> “With Time Machine, you can back up your entire Mac, including system files,> apps, music, photos, emails, and documents. When Time Machine is turned on,> it automatically backs up your Mac and performs hourly, daily, and weekly> backups of your files.”>> “When you use Time Machine on a computer using Apple File System (APFS),> Time Machine not only keeps a copy of everything on your backup disk, it> also saves local snapshots of files that have changed on your internal disk,> so you can recover previous versions. These local snapshots are saved hourly> (unless you deselect Back Up Automatically) and they’re stored on your> computer’s internal disk.”The app is very easy to set up. When you first connect a blank hard drive, youmay be asked if you’d like to use the drive to back up your computer.Alternatively, click on the Time Machine icon at the left of your menu bar,and select Open Time Machine Preferences.Once you have set up the software, Time Machine keeps: * Local snapshots as space permits, * Hourly backups for the last 24 hours, * Daily backups for the past month, * Weekly backups for all previous months.So there’s a lot of redundancy there. Although it uses more storage space,it’s a good thing. If you’ve just discovered something went wrong with one ofyour files months ago, there’s a good chance you’ll still have an older goodcopy still backed up.I back up my 1TB internal hard drive (which is currently half full) to anexternal 2TB drive. 1TB isn’t enough, because there will be multiple copies ofeach file. I’m currently using 1.25TB of my backup drive.Restoring a file or folder is quick and easy. Select Enter Time Machine fromthe menu bar icon.Helpfully, the Time Machine interface looks just like Finder, with previousversions of your folder going off into the background.You can move back through time by clicking on the title bars of the windows inthe background, the buttons on the right, or the calendar on the far right.When you find the file you’re after, you can have a look at it, get moreinformation, restore it, or copy it. The ability to “quick look” at a filebefore restoring is useful, so you can make sure it is the desired version ofthe file you’re looking for.
Mac Backup Guru (Bootable Backups)
MacDaddy’s Mac Backup Guru is another app that creates a bootable disk imageof your main drive. In fact, it supports three different types of backup:direct cloning, synchronization, and incremental snapshots. You can use it tobackup either your complete hard drive, or just the folders you specify.What makes it different is that it can continually keep that backup in syncwith any new changes you make, or alternatively keep incremental backups thatdon’t overwrite older backups with your changes, in case you need to go backto an earlier version of a document. It’s also a little less expensive thanits competitors.$29 from the developer’s website. A free trial is available.
Get Backup Pro (Disk Cloning, Folder Sync)
Belight Software’s Get Backup Pro is the most affordable app on our list (notincluding Apple’s free Time Machine), and it offers you a range of backuptypes, including incremental and compressed file backups, bootable clonedbackups, and folder synchronization. It’s another app that may do everythingyou need.> “Backup, clone, archive, sync—all in one app.”Backup and sync can be scheduled, and the app supports external or networkdrives, as well as CDs or DVDs. Backup templates let you include data fromiTunes, Photos, Mail, Contacts and your Documents folder. You can encrypt yourbackups for additional security.The app is easy to use, including when it comes time to restore your files.You’re even able to restore your files onto a computer that doesn’t have theapp installed.$19.99 from the developer’s website, or included in a SetApp subscription. Afree trial is available.
ARCHIVED: In Windows 95, 98, or Me, how do I partition and format a new hard
drive?This content has beenarchived, and is no longer maintained by Indiana University. Information here may nolonger be accurate, and links may no longer be available or reliable.Warning: Do not attempt this procedure unless you have a fairly high level ofcomputer literacy. Following these instructions incorrectly could result inthe loss of data or cause your computer not to work properly.Prepare a Windows startup disk before you begin. This will be a necessary partof the process. It will also be useful in an emergency. For information on howto create this disk, see the Knowledge Base document ARCHIVED: In Windows 95,98, or Me, how do I make a startup (system recovery) disk?The procedure below assumes that you have installed the new hard drivecorrectly, and that it is set up as the slave drive (i.e., the second harddrive). See the documentation that came with your new hard drive forinstructions on how to install and configure the drive physically.Note: New hard drives will often come with disk management software. It’susually better not to use this software, but to use FDISK, which comes withDOS and Windows. The use of FDISK is described later in this document.The first hard drive should be set up as master. Consult your hard drivedocumentation about the jumper settings. Drives can be configured as master,slave, or only drive. If a drive occupies an IDE channel by itself (somecomputers can have more than one IDE channel), it should be set up as an onlydrive. If there are two drives on an IDE channel, one must be set as master,the other as slave. Only the master can be the boot disk.
Cloning a PATA or SATA Hard Disk
There are two processes used by computer forensics examiners for making a bit-for-bit copy of a hard drive: * A disk clone is an exact copy of a hard drive and can be used as a backup for a hard drive because it is bootable just like the original. * A disk image is a file or a group of files that contain bit-for-bit copies of a hard drive but cannot be used for booting a computer or other operations.The image files can also be different because they can be compressed, unlike adisk clone, which is not compressed. When cloning, the bit-for-bit copy istransferred to a second hard drive that is of equal size or larger than thesource drive. Another difference is that specialized software, like EnCase,X-Ways, or FTK, is needed to view the contents of the image files. In general,image-viewing software is read-only, and files cannot be added. Nevertheless,some applications allow image files to be edited; WinHex, which is produced byX-Ways Forensics, is one such example.
Easy and fast way to copy files on DVD
Many people do not know how to copy files to DVD from a Windows computer. Eventhough the Windows comes with many inbuilt options, the user is not able toburn DVD. For them, there are many free utilities designed especially to copyfiles to DVD. The Remo MORE software is one such free application that makesit easy to copy files with a single Burn option. It is fast, reliable andeasy-to-use software. It can help you to copy large number of files on DVDwithin a short while.
Copy Files to DVD for Backup
If you are working on your computer from many days and all of your importantfiles are stored on hard disk, then you need to think about the data safety.In order to prevent data loss, many people want to get backup from computer.If you are the one among them, then copy all files from your computer disk toDVD to keep them safely. The Remo MORE software is capable to transfer largenumber of files from hard disk to DVD within a matter of minutes.
Procedure to copy files on DVD
Step1: First install this software on your computer and select “Manage” optionfrom the welcome window as shown inStep2: From the next screens select “Compress and Burn” and then “DVD/BDBurner” option as shown inStep3: Now select “Copy Disk” option as shown inStep4: From this window, select source drive and destination drive, and thenclick on “Copy” button as shown inHow to Change iPhone Backup Location Windows 10 EasilyIf you’ve backed up your iPhone on your Windows PC and you can’t see thefolder, then this guide will help you locate it. You will also learn how tochange your iPhone backup location to another drive or folder for easieraccess.