Doctoral Degree in Computer Science

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Information Technology


…qxd 28-09-2009 11:25 Page 70 CHAPTER 3 1. Describe the major ethicalissues related to information technology and identify situations in which theyoccur. 2. Identify the many threats to information security. 3. Understand thevarious defense mechanisms used to protect information systems. 4. Explain ITauditing and planning for disaster recovery. Ethics, Privacy, and InformationSecurity LEARNING OBJECTIVES rain_c03_070-121hr.qxd 28-09-2009 11:25 Page 71WEB RESOURCES Student Web site www.wiley.com/college/rainer • Web quizzes •Lecture slides in PowerPoint • Author podcasts • Interactive Case: Ruby’s Clubassignments WileyPLUS • All of the above and… • E-book • Manager Videos •Vocabulary flash cards • Pre- and post-lecture quizzes • Microsoft Office 2007lab manual and projects • How-to animations for Microsoft Office • Additionalcases CHAPTER OUTLINE 3.1 Ethical Issues 3.2 Threats to Information Security3.3 Protecting Information Resources What’s in IT for me? ACC FIN MKT OM HRMMIS rain_c03_070-121hr.qxd 28-09-2009 11:25 Page 72 72 Chapter 3 Ethics,Privacy, and Information Security Opening Case NASA Loses Secret Informationfor Years The Business Problem Over the past decade, U.S. government agencieshave been the victims of an unprecedented number of cyber-attacks. Onegovernment official noted, “It is espionage on a massive scale.” Governmentagencies reported almost 13,000 security incidents to……Words: 25389 – Pages: 102Premium Essay

Best Degrees/Majors for Artificial Intelligence


Here are the best degrees/majors for Artificial Intelligence: * Artificial Intelligence Degree/Major * Computer Science Degree/Major * Mathematics Degree/Major * Statistics Degree/Major * Data Science Degree/Major

Artificial Intelligence Degree/Major


One of the most popular question among people interested in an artificialintelligence career is: ‘is there a degree in Artificial intelligence?’ Yes,there is a degree in Artificial intelligence, even though it’s currently beingoffered by few universities. The artificial intelligence degree is the best degree/major for pursuing acareer in artificial intelligence. Its typical curriculum dives into aspectsof computer science, computational modelling, machine learning, statistics andmathematics for undergraduate programme.Some universities also offer post-graduate degree programme in artificialintelligence as well as online professional certification courses. Ideally, this is easily the best owing to the fact that you are being preparedto explore AI primarily from day one. There simply more emphasizes on AI thanany other related degrees/majors. The only major disadvantage of the artificial intelligence degree for now isthat there are not many universities offering it in an undergraduate level.Currently, in the US Carnegie Mellon University boast a full-fledgedundergraduate degree in Artificial Intelligence. There has been many moves made by prominent universities in establishing an AIcolleges and degree programs. In 2018, MIT planned to invest $5 billion in anAI College, while other universities makes similar moves. It’s only a matter of time before the Artificial intelligence degree/majorbecomes popular and established in many universities especially in the US,Canada, UK, France, Germany and India. The artificial intelligence degree is geared towards preparing undergraduatesand graduates alike for a central role in AI Development/Research animplementation. Hence, whether your goal is to help develop AI or work in implementingexisting AI technologies, the AI degree covers you completely.

Computer Science Degree/Major


Many universities currently don’t have a full-fledged artificial intelligencedegree. But some universities have a track system that enables studentsmajoring computer science to gain additional depth in Artificialintelligence/Machine Learning. Seeing that artificial intelligence relay much on a lot of computer scienceconcepts, this is probably the next best option to an AI Degree. A major in computer science with a track in AI/ML will position you stronglyfor a career in the Artificial Intelligence Industry. Even without a track in AI/ML, the computer science major in itself is strongenough to help you launch a career in AI. And it will be highly relevant if you build strength in programming languagessuch as Python, R, Matlab/Octave, C/C++ or Java. Familiarizing yourself withstandard Artificial intelligence and machine learning techniques whilemajoring in Computer science would also be highly relevant. A computer science degree will position you much better for a career in AIespecially in the areas of AI implementation than in AI research/development.But, if you are interested in AI Research/Development you may need to pursue agraduate degree in AI on top of a computer science degree. Doing this will greatly increase your employability status in the AI jobmarket. Many people who are making giant strides in the AI industry usuallyhave a graduate degree in AI or a closely related field. A more advanced role in AI generally requires some sort of graduate degree.And as such my candid advice would be to pursue a graduate degree inArtificial intelligence after a computer science undergrad degree.

Data Science Degree/Major


Data science majors are relatively new. It’s closely related to statistics butdistinct from it. It focuses more on using computers/coding to accessinformation from large database, manipulate data, and visualizes data in adigital format. Artificial intelligence systems heavy reliant on data in its development andfurther improvement makes data science majors highly invaluable for a careerin AI. By pursuing a data science degree you get to explore concepts from statistics,data analyses, machine learning, computer science, mathematics and informationscience. It’s one of the most complete degree for pursuing a career in artificialintelligence. And it’s no surprise that there is a growing demand for datascientist in the AI industry today. A look at how the top tech companies (Google, Facebook, Amazon, Apple, andMicrosoft among others) are currently deploying AI, reveals a heavy reliant ondata science. These companies in their journey towards AI development anddeployment takes “data collection and analysis” as top priorities. AI without data would simply not exist and data science is a frontrunner indealing with data, making it essential in AI development and implementation. A Degree in Data Science will make you industry ripe for a career inartificial intelligence. And adjusting/adapting to an AI-centered graduateprogramme for advanced role will be relatively easy for you. Some practicing AI scientists are of the opinion that data science is theclosest degree to an artificial intelligence degree along with statistics. If you are opting for a data science major/degree, it’s a great choice for anAI career. Because the bedrock of AI is data and data science exposes you tothe exploration and exploitation of these data.

What Kinds of Computer Science Degrees Are There?


Colleges and universities offer computer science degrees at every level,including associate, bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degrees. Each degreeprepares graduates for different careers. In addition to degree-grantingprograms, learners should also consider coding bootcamps. This section coversthe different kinds of computer science degrees available.

Associate Degree in Computer Science


An associate degree in computer science introduces students to the field andprovides foundational training, which graduates can use to enter the workforceor pursue a higher degree. Learners take classes in data structures, computernetworks, programming languages, and database management systems.Earning an associate degree generally takes two years for full-time students.Graduates can work in roles like web developer or computer support specialist.A transfer student with an associate degree can go on to earn a bachelor’sdegree in two years.Learn more about online associate programs in computer science.

Bachelor’s Degree in Computer Science


A bachelor’s in computer science trains undergraduates to develop computersoftware, write code in multiple programming languages, and solve computingproblems. During a bachelor’s program, students can specialize in areas likedata analytics, software engineering, and information security.A bachelor’s degree in computer science meets entry-level requirements formany coding careers, including software developer or information securityanalyst. Most bachelor’s programs take four years, but an enrollee with anassociate degree or transfer credits can complete the degree in less time.Learn more about earning bachelor’s in computer science degrees online.

Master’s Degree in Computer Science


A master’s degree in computer science provides advanced training inalgorithms, programming, and computer systems. Many programs offerspecializations in areas like data analytics, information security, mobilecomputing, or software engineering. This focused, graduate-level traininghelps computer science professionals advance to leadership and supervisoryroles.Earning a master’s degree in computer science generally takes two years, butsome online computer science degrees offer accelerated or self-paced optionsthat take less time.A master’s degree can lead to careers like computer and information researchscientist or computer and information systems manager. These growing fieldsoffer high earning potential.Learn more about the best online master’s programs in computer science.

Doctoral Degree in Computer Science


A doctoral degree in computer science prepares graduates for careers inresearch or academia. During a doctoral program, a graduate student takesadvanced courses in their specialty and completes a dissertation.Earning a doctorate is a significant time commitment. Completing a Ph.D. incomputer science typically takes 4-5 years, divided between coursework,comprehensive exams, and dissertation research and writing. Some programs cantake up to seven years.Many tenure-track professor positions require doctoral degrees. In 2018,computer science professors earned a median wage of over $85,000 per year.

Computer Science Professional Organizations


IEEEA technical professional organization with over 419,000 members, IEEE focuseson engineering, computing, and technology information professionals. Memberscan access technical and cutting-edge research, networking opportunities, anddiscounts on things like certifications. This organization also offerslearning and career advancement resources, including certificate programs anda learning network.Computing Research AssociationCRA brings together over 200 organizations in computing research, includingseveral professional societies. Founded in 1972, CRA promotes research anddevelopment in the computing fields. The association also publishes abulletin, a policy blog, and a research journal to keep professionals currentwith developments in the field. CRA also offers career-focused best practiceresources and workforce reports.Association for Computing MachineryACM provides learning and professional development resources for computingprofessionals. It also hosts a digital learning center, which includes onlinebooks, videos, and publications. ACM also hosts conferences and workshops tohelp connect professionals and build their skills.

Should I Study Information Technology or Computer Science?


IT and computer science programs both prepare graduates for careers as dataanalysts, network architects, software developers, and web developers.However, IT careers tend to focus more on practical application and ofteninvolve working directly with clients, while computer science is more abstractand academic.

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